Automation can be defined as a technology used to process or perform without human help.
In other words: automation or automatic control of the use of different control systems for equipment such as machinery, plant processes, boilers and furnaces for heat treatment, integration of telephone networks, management and adjustment of ships, aircraft and other applications, and vehicles with a minimal human intervention which allows a fully automated process.
Automation is achieved by various means, including, pneumatic, mechanical, hydraulic, electrical, electronic and computer equipment, usually in addition. Complicated systems like modern factories, airplanes, and ships, which are often combined with all these techniques The advantages of automation are labor-saving, cost-effective power, saving material costs and improving quality, precision and precision.
Internet of Things
Internet of things is a framework of interconnected computer devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or individuals who have unique identifiers and the ability to transmit data over a network without the need of human interaction or computer-human.
SCADA (supervisory control and data acquisition)
SCADA (monitoring and data collection) is a category of a software program for process control, the collection of real-time data from remote sites to control the devices and conditions. SCADA is used in power plants, as well as the refinery of oil and gas, telecommunications, transport and water and waste regulation.
SCADA systems include hardware and software components. Hardware collects and sends data to a computer running SCADA software. The computer processes this information and makes it available in time. SCADA also collects and records all events in a file stored on the hard disk or sends them to the printer. SCADA applications warn if the conditions become dangerous for alarm alarms.
The differences between SCADA and Internet of Things
- In general, when you say “SCADA” think about the production process itself or management described certain rules. Simply put, the SCADA system is usually the main system through the system (s) in real-time. A typical SCADA communication model is (Controller, Sensor, Actuator) – (OPC Server) – (SCADA applications) – (sometimes selected parameters over the Internet).
Internet of things so far the system for everything that Internet access has. It is dangerous to provide access to production line equipment directly over the Internet
- Internet goes ahead SCADA (or SCADA Web), where you can bring your system into the cloud and communicate with each other. Internet of things represents the Internet of things when it is used for industrial purposes, it would call it IIoT (Internet Industrial of Things). Usually, people compared to SCADA IIoT rather than the Internet of things.
IIoT has all SCADA functions. In other words, the SCADA IIoT with additional features, that is. Communication between the entire system via the network, in which all devices of the system can collect/exchange data with one another. Of course, this data can be analyzed and processed when SCADA is operating.
Pros of Internet of Things:
The electronic devices communicate efficiently, save and save costs and energy; This is why it is useful for people in daily routines. By enabling data and communication between electronic devices and their translation in the desired way, the IP device makes our systems more efficient.
The second most important advantage of the online team is the pursuit. The exact amount of consumable or air quality in your home can also provide you with more information that has not yet been collected. For example, if you know that you have a low amount of milk color or printer, in the near future you will save another trip to the store. In addition, monitoring the product flow can also improve safety.
Cons of Internet of Things:
Imagine if a notorious hacker changed your revenue. Or, if the store automatically sends an equivalent product you do not like or a product that has already expired. As a result, security is ultimately in the hands of consumers to verify the entire automation.
The prospects for low employment
With online, automated content and daily activities, there will be less demand for human resources and less educated employees, which can create a problem of employment in society.
PROS OF SCADA
Production and performance data are available in real time and are transmitted digitally. There is no need to enter or interpret the bomb and the decision-maker, regardless of whether it is a Pumper or a Senior Office.
Remote monitoring helps operators to wait for equipment. As a result, the production levels are more reliable. Tank levels are more even. The wear on the equipment is minimized.
CONS OF SCADA
Remote monitoring is not free, but the savings are certainly obtained with SCADA. If you are worried about the cost, ask your service provider for help in total operating costs or the return on investment analysis.
If you choose remote monitoring, you should know that the data is available. Ensure that you have a system that addresses issues related to peak usage, capacity planning, latency, reliability, and security. A segmented or separate network avoids a variety of traffic loads resulting from non-connected applications.
The institutional Internet team is already a big part of everyday life, and many of us do not even know it. As the technology gradually to advances and evolve, the use of the online team is also used for many basic interactions. It is our task to decide how much of our daily life is ready to control the technology. When this is done properly, it automatically adapts to our needs and benefits society as a whole.
SCADA remote monitoring has many convincing advantages. By understanding and addressing challenges, operators can successfully implement this technology and use their rewards.